Thesis on biofuels

The rapid adoption and commercial success of "flex" vehicles, as they are popularly known, together with the mandatory blend of alcohol with gasoline as E25 fuel , have increased ethanol consumption up to the point that by February 2008 a landmark in ethanol consumption was achieved when ethanol retail sales surpassed the 50% market share of the gasoline-powered fleet. [29] [30] This level of ethanol fuel consumption had not been reached since the end of the 1980s, at the peak of the Pró-Álcool Program. [29] [30] [60]

Brazil is one of the main producers of ethanol fuel and Brazil ethanol history goes back a long way. Sugarcane has been cultivated in the country since 1532 and was exported to Europe by Portuguese settlers 17 . In the late 1920s the automobile was introduced to Brazil 18 and it became profitable to turn sugarcane into ethanol fuel. World War II had a huge impact on Brazil ethanol history since German submarine attacks made it difficult to transport oil across the oceans. In 1943, it became mandatory for car fuel to contain at least 50% enthanol. 19 After the war, cheap and readily transported oil prevailed and ethanol fuel was normally only produced when there was an unusual surplus of sugar. 20

Fuel Freedom is running a smart national campaign, enlisting both free market advocates and environmental organizations to the cause. “Methanol burns cleaner than gasoline,” says Hollander. “It would make a big improvement in air pollution.” With bi-partisan backing, the Open Fuel Standard Act is also making its way through Congress. The law would require automakers to produce cars that can run on multiple fuels, including methanol. “Right now the auto companies could produce flex-fuel vehicles any time they want,” says Hollander. “Their answer is always that they’ve tried before and nobody wanted to buy them.”

Thesis on biofuels

thesis on biofuels


thesis on biofuelsthesis on biofuelsthesis on biofuelsthesis on biofuels