George Dantzig (himself the son of a mathematician) received a Bachelor’s degree from University of Maryland in 1936 and a Master’s from the University of Michigan in 1937 before completing his Doctorate (interrupted by World War II ) at UC Berkeley in 1946. He later worked for the Air Force, took a position with the RAND Corporation as a research mathematician in 1952, became professor of operations research at Berkeley in 1960, and joined the faculty of Stanford University in 1966, where he taught and published as a professor of operations research until the 1990s. In 1975, Dr. Dantzig was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Gerald Ford.
Osborn continued to read extensively about creativity and apply his process strategies and techniques in both his advertising work and his teaching. In the revised edition of Applied Imagination , Osborn (1963) modified his conception of CPS by condensing the seven-stage process into three more comprehensive stages, which he called fact-finding, idea-finding, and solution-finding. We will refer to this refinement as Version of CPS. He considered this three-stage view to be more productive than Version , given the natural linkages among the stages within each of the three clusters. Version was subsequently retained in the 1967 reprinting of the book.
In making the creative process more deliberate and explicit, Osborn integrated what was known at the time about the stages and tools used by highly creative individuals, based on his experience in the practical world. A noted academic and writer, Pros Vanosmael (1989), while speaking at a recent European Conference on Creativity and Innovation proclaimed that Osborn broke a 2,000 year-old paradigm that assumed you were either born with creative talent, or had no chance to develop it. Osborn’s interest emphasized the deliberate development of creative talent, particularly within the field of education. He held the vision of bringing a more creative trend to American education; that vision was the impetus for the founding of the Creative Education Foundation and, subsequently, the development of an academic program in Buffalo.